Evidence of disease and birth defects in Russia, Belarus, Ukraine and other territories affected by the Chernobyl disaster in 1986
page 5

ADULTHOOD HAEMOPATHIES SICKNESS RATES IN THE REPUBLIC OF BELARUS IN 1979-1997; Gapanovich V N et al. Res. Inst. for Haem. and Blood Transfusion, Minks Be; Radiobiol. Inst. of Univ. Munich Germany; Inst. for Radioprot. and Nuc. Safety Paris.
Standardised morbidity rates in adults (>15yrs) for various disorders were compared between pre- and post-accident periods:- 1979-1985, 1986-1992, 1993-1997. In all classifications rates increased after the accident. Some were lower in the third period than in the second but still were above the rate for the pre accident period. Statistical significance was mostly high. Risks relative to the pre-accident period were:-

  • acute leukaemia 1.12, 1.03,
  • chronic leukaemia 1.33, 1.33,
  • multiple myeloma 1.28, 1.5,
  • Hodgkin disease 1.1, 1.01,
  • erythremia 1.33, 1.6,
  • non-Hodgkin lymphoma 1.43, 1.7,
  • haemopoiesis depressions 4, 27.

CLINICO-ELIDEMIOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF THE ACTIVITY OF THE URALS REGIONAL CENTRE OF RADIATION MEDICINE Guseva L F et al. Urals Regional Centre of Radiation Medicine, Regional Hospital No.2 Ekaterinburg.
Treating Chernobyl emergency workers from the eastern Urals and their children it was found that 25% of the workers and 7% of their children were healthy. Controlled against a group from Sverdlosk the workers had doubled mortality and greatly (one order) increased rates of diseases of the nervous system, muscular-skeletal system, digestive system and of crippling, mainly through neurocirculatory asthenia and dyscirculatory encephalopathy. Main problems in progeny arose from psychosomatic and hypoimmunity disorders.

CURRENT PROBLEMS OF DISABLEMENT FOLLOWING ONCOLOGICAL DISEASES IN LONG-TERM PERIOD AFTER RADIATION EXPOSURE Ipatov A V et al. Ukrainian State Research Inst. of Medical and Social Problems of Physical Disability, Dniepropetrovsk
Data from Ukrainian Ministry of Health Protection 1992 -2000 for inhabited zones of Ukraine show an increase in disability due to cancer as a proportion of total disability - from 8.3% 36.2%. The proportion of cancer to non-cancer disability is far higher in people from zones contaminated by Chernobyl, and in irradiated people compared with non-irradiated. Chernobyl-affected patients are very much more likely to be allocated to the graver classes of disability and a very high proportion progress to the gravest class. In 85% of patients, diseases are characterised by a high degree of malignancy and aggressive clinical progression with short, rare periods between relapses and are combined with early development and occurrence of anaemia and loss of body weight, and a predominance of tumour cells with moderate and low differentiation in histological composition. They are combined with many-system diseases of nervous, cardiac, endocrine, digestive, and respiratory systems. [These are not liquidators.]

CHILDHOOD LEUKAEMIA AND LYMPHOMA IN BELARUS AFTER THE CHERNOBYL ACCIDENT Ivanov E P et al. Assn. "Belarus Physicians against Leukaemia", Research Inst. Haem. and Blood Transfusion, Minsk Be, IARC, Lyons, Radiobiol. Inst. Uni. Munich.
Increases in leukaemia dismissed on grounds of failure to conform to assumption that response will be linear with dose.

DETERMINISTIC EFFECTS OF IONISING RADIATION Kazhina M V Med. Uni Grodno Be, Petushok N E Inst. Biochem. N.A.S of Belarus, Grodno
Study of uterus scrapes after abortions. Difficult to understand from abstract. Authors conclude that chronic low doses cause development of pathologic states in reproductive organs and that the nature of the pathology is determined by the level of incorporated radio caesium.

Compared pregnancies in Kiev with a "more favourable" region, finding seriously elevated gynaecological morbidity and pregnancy complications, especially anaemia spontaneous abortion and placental failure, even in somatically healthy women.

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