Evidence of disease and birth defects in Russia, Belarus, Ukraine and other territories affected by the Chernobyl disaster in 1986
page 18

MEDICAL AND BIOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF RADIO CAESIUM INCORPORATED INTO THE HUMAN ORGANISM: Bandazhevsky Yu. I, Inst. of Rad. Safety (BELRAD) Minsk 2000 ISBN 985-434-080-5
Results of investigating dose dependent effects of incorporated radio nuclides on child health. Method was to assess medical and biological effects by means of clinical check ups between 1996-1999. These show that at levels greater than 50Bq/Kg there are pathological changes in vital organs and systems - cardiovascular, nervous, endocrine, immune, reproductive, digestive, excretory and eyes. Caesium concentrations in the placenta reveal a relationship with nervous system defects in the foetus. The team also investigated pathological processes clinically and by experimental simulation among laboratory animals; the structural, functional and metabolic modifications happening at the level of the whole organism, its systems and its individual organs; and the severity of the pathological conditions. Ends with practical recommendations for reducing the health impact of Caesium, both at the government policy level and farm/household management.

The health condition of the affected population is a disaster but, being a physician myself I cannot accept it to be hopeless. With all my faith in God and life I appeal to anyone who can influence it: do your best to improve the situation. There is nothing more precious on this planet than life. And we should do everything possible to protect it.

The summaries on these pages were prepared by Richard Bramhall.


Addendum by Chris Busby

The Soviet Union was a very large country. It was highly sophisticated and technological. It was the first country to put a man into Space. Soviet science and technology was first class. Yablokov told us in Oxford in 1999 that their instruments were able to measure the concentration of radioactive materials released from US underground tests. We have a superb portable gamma spectrometer made in East Germany: it uses a Russian detector head. There are hundreds of Russian language references relevant to radiation safety; some we have, many we do not. We are not Russian speakers but we are slowly abstracting the important ones. We are doing this because it is important to understand the effects of radiation. The CERRIE committee and secretariat could have looked out these references. The NRPB could have studied them.

One extremely important one, by Suskov et al. was sent to me by a member of IAEA who had tried to get it considered by the IAEA seriously as it showed the increases in cancer due to genomic effects following Chernobyl. They ignored her and she came to give it to me at a conference. I phoned Eric Wright and told him about it. It is not referred to in the final report. Why?

The paper Dr Busby refers to is:
SUSKOV, I.I., KUZMINA, IS, (2001)
THE PROBLEM OF INDUCED GENOMIC INSTABILITY IN THE CHILD ORGANISM UNDER CONDITIONS OF LONG TERM SMALL DOSES. Radiation Biology and Radioecology 41(5) 606-614
“Investigation of biochemical, biophysical and functional parameters of cells of different organs on animal model showed that after action of small gamma radiation doses genome damage per dose is higher than after exposure to medium or high doses.
Based on the long term follow up of the population exposed to ionizing radiation due to residence near nuclear testing fields in the period 1949-1962 increased chromosome aberration were detected not only in directly exposed population but also in their children and grandchildren. Unstable chromosome aberrations ( dicentrics and rings) were detected in children of parents who were exposed to radiation as part of anticancer therapy. Cells of such children also express higher radiosensitivity.
Special group of children of liquidator from Chernobyl. In these children unstable genome damage is detectible including rings and dicentric chromosomes and also as in the case of parents exposed in therapeutic purposes, higher radiosensitivity.
Except structural chromosome aberrations in children of liquidators aneuploidy and polyploidy cells are also detected.
In clones of irradiated cells there is increase of chromosome aberrations in the case of low and medium doses.

A search on www.scirus.com produced the following two papers:

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