Evidence of disease and birth defects in Russia, Belarus, Ukraine and other territories affected by the Chernobyl disaster in 1986
page 11

LONG-TERM HEALTH EFFECTS OF THE CHERNOBYL ACCIDENT IN CHILDREN OF BELARUS Lomat L et al. Belarussian Centre for Medical Technologies Minsk.
"Radiation exposure is considered to have influenced the incidence rates in the republic." Abstract quite unspecific about relative rates.

BELARUS REPUBLIC POPULATION HEALTH STATUS AT CHERNOBYL DISASTER REMOTE PERIOD Mrochek A G Clin. Res. Inst. of Radiological Med. and Endocrinology Minsk Be.
Ministry of Public Health data show continuing long-term (10 years) increase in malignant neoplasms of lungs, thyroid, kidney, bladder, colon, rectum, breast and ovary. Lung, breast, bladder and kidney "may be connected to the radiation factor .."

SOME SPECIAL FEATURES IN FORMATION OF THE EVACUATED POPULATION HEALTH STATUS INDICES AS A GROUND FOR PERFECTION MEDICAL CARE PROVISION Nohorna A M Ukrainian Inst Pub. Health Kiev.
"The steadily worsening health status tendency of the evacuated population affected by the Chernobyl is now quite evident."

DYNAMICS OF CHILD HEALTH INDICES AT THE RADIOACTIVELY CONTAMINATED TERRITORIES Nohorna A M et al. Ukrainian Inst. Pub. Health Kiev.
Prevalence of non cancer diseases in children in the radiation controlled territories of Ukraine has increased 2.24-fold between 1988 and 1996. In the same period rates of "radiation induced" diseases have also increased:- neoplasms 7.7-fold and congenital malformation 2.96-fold. Invalidity indices have risen 16-fold, most dramatically in the last few years. Invalidity is mostly due to diseases of the nervous system and sense organs, pathology of the endocrine system and congenital anomalies.

DOSIMETRIC SUPPLY OF MEDICAL RESEARCHES IN PERSONS EXPOSED TO IONISING RADIATION AS A RESULT OF THE CHERNOBYL ACCIDENT Nosovsky A V Slavutych Lab. for International Research and Technology Ukraine
Radiation doses received by population did not exceed the threshold values for acute radiation syndrome clinical manifestations. The public, scientists and medical workers do not have enough knowledge of radiation medicine to explain all the medical biases in radiation effects in Chernobyl plant personnel and the surviving population. This predisposes not only to increased psychological stress but also makes substantial additional impact on people's health. It therefore has a significant effect on the exploitation of nuclear power in Ukraine and leads to formation of opinions on the nuclear threat to public health that have an insufficient scientific basis.

CONGENITAL ANOMALIES OF JAW/FACE REGION IN PRENATALLY IRRADIATED CHILDREN Nyagu A I et al. Sci. Cent. for Rad. Med. AMS of Ukraine, Kiev; A A Bogomoletz's National Med. Uni. Kiev.
Children born with deformities of the face and jaw, predominantly fissures of upper lip and palate, who were in any stage of gestation at the time of the accident. There was a 2 - 3 fold increase in the most contaminated zones. Citing knowledge that congenital fissure of upper lip and palate are formed at 10 - 12 weeks gestation authors state that only one third of the anomalies found could be attributed to irradiation. These cases are, however, anomalously severe.

INCIDENCE OF MALIGNANT NEOPLASMS IN THE POPULATION OF GOMEL REGION AFTER THE CHERNOBYL ACCIDENT Okeanov A E: N N Alexandrov's Research Institute of Oncology and Medical Radiology, Minsk
Before Chernobyl incidence of malignant neoplasms in Gomel was among the lowest in Belarus but since the accident has overtaken its neighbours. Considerable increase in incidence and rates of solid tumours.

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